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  First steps in Latin Grammar  

1. Nouns and verbs

2. Subjects and objects

3. Word order

4. Practice

5. Declensions and the cases

6. Nominative and

accusative cases

7. Genitive case

8. Dative case

9. Gender

10. Ablative case

11. Final practice

ANSWERS

 

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2 - Subjects and objects

The two nouns in the sentence on the previous page taurus agricolam fugat have different relationships with the verb: taurus is doing the chasing, agricolam is on the receiving end of this action, he is being chased.

The noun ‘doing the action’ of the verb is the subject of the verb, the noun on the receiving end of this action, the one ‘done to’, is the object.

 
Subjects and objects: swapping roles

Now agricola is the subject, the one doing the chasing, and taurum is the object, the one chased. The Latin sentence appears similar to the previous one: the word-order is the same, but see how the word-endings have changed.

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