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  First steps in Latin Grammar  

1. Nouns and verbs

2. Subjects and objects

3. Word order

4. Practice

5. Declensions and cases

6. Nominative and

accusative cases

7. Genitive case

8. Dative case

9. Gender

10. Ablative case

11. Final practice

ANSWERS

 

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9 - Gender

The gender of some nouns is obvious: domina is feminine and taurus masculine. However, all Latin nouns have gender, even inanimate ones like aqua water (feminine) or lectus couch (masculine).

Most 1st declension nouns are feminine: aqua, domina, etc.

With even fewer exceptions, 2nd declension nouns like deus, servus, taurus, etc, are masculine.

There is a third gender, neither masculine nor feminine: neuter (the Latin for ‘neither’).

 

Neuter nouns

Below are shown some neuter nouns. They belong to to the 2nd declension, like servus, but are neuter. Many of the endings are the same as for servus:

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