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  First steps in Latin Grammar  

1. Nouns and verbs

2. Subjects and objects

3. Word order

4. Practice

5. Declensions and cases

6. Nominative and

accusative cases

7. Genitive case

8. Dative case

9. Gender

10. Ablative case

11. Final practice

ANSWERS

 

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8 - The dative case

The dative case is used for an ‘indirect’ object or secondary object, as in ‘the farmer gives a bull to the god’. In this example there is an ordinary object (‘bull’) and an indirect object (‘god’):

              

Used with the verb ‘to be’, the dative has a possessive meaning:

              

If the genitive is the ‘of’ case, then the dative is the ‘to’ or ‘for’ case.

 

The dative case used instead of the accusative for the object

Most verbs take an object in the accusative. A few verbs always have their ordinary object in the dative, e.g.

              

 
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